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The Orton-Gillingham Method: An Effective Approach to Teaching Reading

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Reading is a crucial skill for success in life, and for many students, it can be a struggle. The Orton-Gillingham (OG) method is a systematic, multi-sensory approach to teaching reading that has been proven to be effective for students with dyslexia and other learning difficulties.

What is the Orton-Gillingham Method?

The OG method was developed in the 1930s by two educators, Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham, to help students with reading difficulties. The OG approach uses a combination of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning methods to help students learn to read, spell, and write. It is a structured, sequential program that starts with the basics of letter-sound relationships and gradually builds to more complex reading skills.

Why is the Orton-Gillingham Method Effective?

One of the reasons that the OG method is so effective is its multi-sensory approach. Students with dyslexia and other reading difficulties often have trouble processing information through one or more of their senses. The OG method uses a combination of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic input to help students understand and retain information.

Another reason for its effectiveness is the structured and sequential nature of the program. The OG method is systematic and builds on previous learning, so students can see their progress and feel confident in their abilities. Additionally, the OG method is individualized, so it can be adapted to meet the specific needs of each student.

Finally, the OG method is also effective because it focuses on phonemic awareness, the understanding that words are made up of sounds. This is an essential foundation for learning to read, and the OG method helps students develop this understanding through explicit and repeated instruction.

How is the Orton-Gillingham Method Implemented?

The OG method is typically taught by a trained OG tutor or teacher. The OG approach uses a variety of materials and techniques, including flashcards, word lists, and manipulatives, to help students learn and practice skills. The OG tutor will start with the basics of letter-sound relationships and gradually build to more complex reading and writing skills.

In the OG method, the tutor is also an important part of the learning process. The OG tutor uses positive reinforcement and frequent feedback to build confidence and motivate students. Additionally, the tutor is able to adjust the program to meet the specific needs of each student, making it a highly individualized approach.

Conclusion

The Orton-Gillingham method is a highly effective approach to teaching reading for students with dyslexia and other learning difficulties. Its multi-sensory approach, structured and sequential nature, and focus on phonemic awareness make it a valuable


tool for helping students build the skills they need to succeed as readers. If you are a parent or teacher working with a student who is struggling with reading, the OG method may be an excellent option to consider.

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